On Philippine National Independence Day.


I was not able to celebrate our Independence Day together with other Filipinos last Sunday. Not that I do not want or not because I did not believe in it but there were some responsibilities that I needed to attend to.

Here is a brief history of the Philippines as I understood it.

The oldest fossil found in the Philippines is 22000 years old but it is believed that the islands has been inhabited 30000 years ago. The first settlers were the Negritos, Malayans and later Indos. Even before the first century, there was social and political structure in the islands. There was a group of people in the same area called Barangay and they have a chieftain called Datu.

10th Century. Regular trade with the Chinese and welcomed Chinese settlers
14th Century. Arabs introduced Islam to the South.
1521. First western visitor came, Ferdinand Magellan, who by the way fought with a Datu called Lapu-Lapu.
1543. Ruy Lopez de Villalobos, a Spanish navigator named the islands “Las Islas Felipinas” in honor of Philip II of Spain.
1569. More agressive attacks by the Spaniards.
The Spanish ruled the islands until 1898. There was a brief interruption of the rule from 1762-1764. The Philippines was under the British for 2 years. There were small revolution going around for a long time. It was in the late 19th century when the filipino rebels became more organized.
12 June 1898. The flag of the Philippines was unveiled. Under the leadership of an american appointed president, Emilio Aguinaldo, declared the Philippine independence from Spain. Spain turned over the Philippines to America for 20 million dollars.
1899. Emilio Aguinaldo led the revolt against American Occupation. (And we thought they were helping!) The Filipino-American war lasted for more than 10 years. More than 600,000 filipinos died.
1942. The Japanese occuppied the Philippines until 1945.
04 June 1946. The United States granted our independence WITH STRINGS ATTACHED. They never really left.
1946-1961. The filipinos were celebrating independence day on 4th of July.
1962. President Diosdado Macapagal moved the Philippine Independence day to 12th of June.
4th of July was re-named Philippine-American friendship day.
1965. Ferdinand Marcos became president.
1986. Marcos was impeached and fled to the US. He stayed in Hawaii until he died. (please get the hint – Marcos has always been an american ally)
16 September 1991. Philippine Senate refused extension of lease to US Military & naval bases.

Honestly, I have never celebrated June 12 the way that I should as a filipino. During my younger days, you would see me on the streets with a group of people demonstrating on the 12th of June.

I am not anti-spanish, anti-japanese or anti-american. History is the way it is. But if you ask me, the philippines was independent on the 16th of September 1991, UNFORTUNATELY, not free from corrupt politicians.

Update: This is the comment of my friend, Gigi Samson on my post :

i think i have my own interpretation of philippine history, as any filipino would. some data would actually not concur with yours (case in point: every president who stepped in power has the backing of the white house, and ferdinand was just unfortunate to have been deserted by the latter in favor of cory when he was getting unpopular. )
some would even contest that philippine independence should be celebrated on july 4 instead of june 12. and yes, is the philippines ever free? a lot of questions. 🙂

of course, when i say “own interpretation,” what i meant was we tend to highlight parts of our history that we feel are relevant. i guess our ultimate responsibility as citizens is to update ourselves — history is evolving — and go back to it from time to time. our nation’s mistakes stem from the fact that most of us forget our history.

I agree with her completely when she said that every president who stepped in power has the backing of the white house and it is not only Marcos who was. I made Marcos as an example because he is the most popular of all our presidents, I assume, and also was under US protection when he fled from the Philippines. Thus, a very good example to show that we were never really free from US.

17 Replies to “On Philippine National Independence Day.”

  1. Uy, belated na lang. That’s quite an impressive history read. Very brief but precise. I didn’t know some of the facts there…
    Thanx for sharing. I’m happy to be stumbled into this write up…

  2. Hi!

    Thank you for the brief summary of your country’s history.

    I am at the moment looking for a new aupair for my daughter, and a couple of the candidates are Philippino/Philippinians (?) living in Scandinavia. Maybe I should search your advise on them?

    A happy summer to you!

  3. Hey AL! Just checking, wishing you a good summer and invite you to my new blog home:-)

  4. sana na-clonize din tayo ng great britain kasi lahat ng nahawakan nilang bansa yumaman na, tulad ng singapore, hongkong, australia, canada, etc.

  5. Better late than never. Very interesting post, I must admit.

    btw. I’m late cause of my internet line problems from the summerhouse – so from time to time – when picking up post and watering our plants in the winterhome – I manage to comment a few blogs.

    Have a wonderful Mid Summer weekend – in spite of the weather forecast

  6. This is food for thought. I do agree that we have never truly been free. But at least, I can say that we have our own identity that is somehow slowly being lost among the youth and all the western/asian and european influence.

  7. belated happy independence day. you see, in our country, unlike in most of our neighboring countries, we filipinos have not been taught much in school about our culture (or we simply were not interested); nationalism and patriotism have not been instilled in our hearts, both in school and by our parents. this is one of the reasons perhaps why our country is going down, down, and down (with so much politics going around). but then, i am not losing hope…

  8. Sorry I’m late – belated Happy Phil national day!
    I really like this post with all the history details – thank you so much for taking your time and sharing!
    Wishing you and your family a Happy Weekend too:-)

  9. You really know your History. And haha, I love the side comments and all! ;-p

  10. Beng – May libro ako LOL. I always loved history. Take care and easy lang sa studies!

  11. Hello Al,

    Happy Phil. national day too. Oh gush, nakalimutan ko na to. Ahem, busy lang talaga sa studies kaya I am no longer aware of what’s going on around. I wish you and family a pleasant week too.

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